Hajj is an Islamic pilgrimage. Every year Muslim comes from different countries to perform Hajj in the month of Dhu Hijjah
What is Hajj?
The pilgrimage is to the holy city of Mecca and its surrounding Islamic holy places. It is mandatory to perform at least once in life if a Muslim is physically fit and can travel easily. Hajj is one of the five pillars of Islam and it is held every year in the Islamic month of Zul-Hajj.
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What is the purpose of Hajj?
Hajj is one of the five pillars of Islam, and all Muslims need to perform it once in their life. Hajj is seen as an opportunity to erase and refresh past sins. Many people try to strengthen their faith in Hajj.
When is Hajj?
According to Islamic law, the history of Hajj is serious. It is located in Dhul Hajjh, which is the 12th month of this calendar between the eighth and thirteenth days of the month. The Islamic calendar is based on the lunar year, which is less than the Gregorian year.
People who cannot afford the pilgrimage are sometimes financed by charitable organisations or community leaders. Others saved their lives for travelling if they are not fit. Even within a few months thousands of miles of footpath people go to Saudi Arabia.
What is the difference between Hajj and Umrah?
Hajj has to be between the eighth and the 13th of Zul-Hajj, the 12th month of the Islamic calendar year. If the same pilgrimage is performed at any other time of the year, then it is called Umrah.
What is the history of Hajj?
Once Hazrat Muhammad (PBUH) was walking on a path of Islam, the beliefs are traced at the end of the pilgrimage to the footsteps of the prophets and Ismail, or Abraham and Ishmael because their names are listed in the Bible.
Muslims believe that Abraham’s faith was tested when God ordered him to sacrifice his son, Ismail. Abraham was ready to accept the commandment, but then God stopped his hand, saving his son. In the Christian and Jewish versions of this story, Abraham is ordered to kill his second son, Isaac.
Types of Hajj
1) Hajj al-Farad
This means that performing the rituals of the pilgrimage alone without the need of the animal (Hadi) or sacrifice. A pilgrimage that embraces this form of pilgrimage is called Mufrid
In this kind of pilgrimage, one performs both Hajj and Umrah together while being in the state of Ihram. This form needs a sacrificial animal to complete the rituals. A pilgrim who performs this form of Hajj is called Qarin.
Generally, a kind of pilgrimage and a prophet (PBUH) encouraged his companions to perform it. This means performing the rituals of ‘Umrah during the Hajj season and then completing the Hajj phase between the 8th and 13th dates of Dhul Hijjah.
The rituals of both Umrah and Hajj are performed in separate Ihram and a sacrificial animal is needed to complete this form of Hajj. A pilgrim who embraces this of hajj is called Hajj-al-Tamatt’u.
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